Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int <p>Interest: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan <strong>(E-ISSN :&nbsp;<a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1490748152&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2579-6135</a>; P-ISSN :&nbsp;<a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1333083907&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2252-5432</a>)</strong>, with <strong><span class="st">Digital Object Identifier&nbsp;</span><span class="il">(DOI)</span>&nbsp;prefix&nbsp;<a href="https://doi.org/10.37341/interest.v9i1" target="_blank" rel="noopener">10.37341&nbsp;</a></strong>known as Interest, is a&nbsp; journal published by Health Polytechnic of Surakarta Ministry twice a year in May and November. Interest has decided to change the Indonesian language to<strong>&nbsp;accept with English&nbsp;</strong>starting from May 2021. This journal provides a forum for exchanging ideas about theory, methodology and fundamental issues related to the world of health which include nursing, midwifery, physiotherapy, acupuncture, herbal medicine (herbal), occupational therapy, prosthetic orthotics, speech therapy, public health, medicine, and health education. The submission process is open throughout the year. All texts submitted will be through multiple peer reviews and editorial reviews before being accepted for publication. In 2012, the magazine published online with the name of Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Interest, starting with Vol.1 No.1 with the printed version of ISSN 2252-5432 and the online version from 2579-6135 in accordance with LIPI policy. Starting in June 2019, Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Interest uses an Open Journal System that requires all authors to register before they are allowed to upload the manuscript they write online. After that, editors, peer reviewers, and writers can monitor the processing of the manuscript. Publisher of Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan is Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta&nbsp;incorporate with the organization of profesions : <strong><a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1uc3OOpkFLo0hdFNBOoy3k0nMQBbu23rH/view?usp=sharing" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Perhimpunan Akupuntur Terapis Indonesia (HAKTI)</a>.</strong></p> <table class="announcements"> <tbody> <tr class="title"> <td class="title"> <h4>ACCREDITATION: RE-ACCREDITATION RESULT</h4> </td> <td class="more">&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr class="description"> <td class="description"> <p>Start from&nbsp;<strong>June 2020</strong>, Based on&nbsp;Excerpts and Decrees of the Minister of Research and Technology / Head of the National Research and Innovation Agency, with Number: B / 1796 / E5.2 / KI.02.00/ 2020,&nbsp;<strong>Interest: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan&nbsp;</strong>has accredited<strong>&nbsp;SINTA 3 (3rd Grade Journal)</strong>. The Accreditation is valid until 2024.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table class="announcements"> <tbody> <tr class="title"> <td class="title"> <h4>EDITORIAL: ENGLISH LANGUAGE</h4> </td> <td class="more">&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr class="description"> <td class="description">Since Vol. 6 No. 1 March 2021, <strong>Interest: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan</strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong>only receives full-text manuscript in&nbsp;<strong>ENGLISH</strong>. Thank you.</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta en-US Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan 2252-5432 The Implementation Of Patient And Family Education, And Effective Communication In A Hospital At South Sulawesi: An Action Research Study http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/295 <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Frequent phenomena found in hospitals are lack of health education, unclearness medical information delivery, poor communication, or even nurses tried to neglect the importance of health information to patients. To identify problems related to the implementation of effective education and communication in one of hospitals in South Sulawesi Province. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods: </em></strong><em>The study used qualitative and quantitative. This action research study involved 30 nurses consisting primary nurses and manager nurses in surgical care room, intesive care room, child care room and internal care room. Problem identification and the implementation is conducted. Analysis of data from the results of the distribution of questionnaires with descriptive statistics, while the results of interviews with content analysis. The questionnaires and interview guidelines were based on the 2012 Hospital Accreditation Rules. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong><em>Based on interviews and questionnaire distribution, Main problems identified in this study were less education and effective communication for patiens and patiens’ family. Moreover, socialization and provision of standard operational procedure (SOP) for education for patiens and patiens’ family was not available yet. Based on the the problem identification, in-house training for implementation of patiens and patiens’ family education and effective communication were conducted for the nurses.&nbsp; SOP about giving information and education for patient or patient’s family were made. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>It was proven that patiens and patiens’ family education and effective communication contributed to improve the quality of health services.</em></p> Liza Fauzia Syahrul Syahrul Saldy Yusuf Abdul Majid ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-09 2021-12-09 135 144 10.37341/interest.v0i0.295 The Sensory And Protein Test On Dimsum Processes Shrimp (Penaeus merguensis) http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/366 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> Dimsum is a food from the Chinese region which is quite popular in Indonesia which has high nutritional value. Shrimp shells is one of the highest sources of active compounds for the amino acid group. This study was to determine the difference in protein content in dimsum cooked with different processing techniques. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods: </em></strong><em>This type of research is descriptive with quantitative descriptive research design.The method used in this research is sensory test and quantitative analysis using a uv-vis spectrophotometer instrument. Ultraviolet light absorption measurements were carried out at a wavelength of 542 nm. This research were analyzed using univariate analysis which aims to explain and describe the characteristics of each research variable. And protein test result were made by plotting the absorbance value obtained against the concentration using the Microsoft excel. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong><em>The results showed that the shrimp dimsum had a protein content in GDK, KDK, GTK and KTK respectively 0,0307%; 0,0358%; 0,0385%; and 0,0521%.</em> <em>The statement that processing provides a decrease in protein levels, this is due to the use of high temperatures during the processing process resulting in denatured protein. The decrease in protein content is caused by the occurrence of denaturation and protein coagulation. The higher the temperature, the greater the amount of a densaturated protein, where at 50oC protein has experienced denaturation </em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>It is necessary to test the food quality of the processed shrimp dimsum (Penaeus merguensis) and further research needs to be developed using other better methods such as the Bradford method.</em></p> Bashita Rizka Rachma Youstiana Dwi Rusita Suroso Suroso ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 145 153 10.37341/interest.v0i0.366 The Effect Of Discharge Planning Combines Audiovisual With The Family Centered Nursing Preparedness Caring For Acute Post Stroke Patients http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/345 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The low level of family readiness in caring patients at home was caused by limited implementation of discharge planning (DP) when entered the hospital (EH) or before leaved the hospital (LH), This intervention has an impact on improving nursing services. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong><em> This study was mixed method study, the first stage used qualitative research with exploratory descriptive approach to 5 participants at RSI Sakinah. The population was families of post ASP at Sakinah Hospital were divided into the intervention group (33) and control (33) patient, using consecutive sampling sample selection by specifying subjects who meet the research criteria are included in the study for a certain period of time, so that the number of respondents can be met. The independent variable was CADP. The dependent variable was FR to care post ASP. Data were collected using a modified FR questionnaire and analysed using Kolmogorov Smirnov, Wilcoxon sign rank, Mann Whitney.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong><em> The first phase of the study produced a CADP module for families of stroke patients, the second phase based on the Wilcoxon sign rank test showed that there was an effect after the intervention and Mann Whitney test showed the difference significant mean between intervention and control during EH (0.000; 0.000), during treatment (0.000;0.000), before LH (0.000;0.000).</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em> The CADP module and intervention increased FR to care ASP patients during EH, treatment and LH so they can be used as guides and media in providing DP education in hospitals for patients' families.</em></p> Nunuk Kurniati Nursalam Nursalam Yanis Kartini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-01-03 2022-01-03 154 165 10.37341/interest.v0i0.345 Spiritual Deep Breathing Exercise Is Effective In Reducing Anxiety And Stabilizing Oxygen Saturation In COVID-19 Patients http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/346 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> Problems that arise in COVID-19 patients include, often experiencing deep anxiety characterized by fear of pain, fear of death, fear of losing personal independence, fear of losing role functions that can cause physiological changes, namely a decrease in Oxygen Saturation (SaO2). </em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods: </em></strong><em>The design of this study was a quasi-experimental approach with a Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design approach. The population of all COVID-19 patients at the Surabaya A. Yani Islamic Hospital is 187 people. The sample size is 34 respondents</em> <em>according to the established criteria with purposive sampling technique. The intervention group was given Spiritual Deep Breathing Exercise for 15-20 minutes and the control group was given an intervention according to hospital standards for 1 week. Analysis on anxiety used the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and mann whitney test. The Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) used paired sample T test and independent sample T test.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong><em>The results of the Anxiety analysis in the intervention group obtained a p value of 0.000 and a p value of 0.197 in the control group. The results of the Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) analysis in the intervention group obtained a p value of 0.000 and in the control group a p value of 0.884. The results of the analysis on anxiety p value 0.000 and Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) value p value 0.003 between the intervention group and the control group which means there is a difference in anxiety and Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) between the intervention group and the control group. control group in COVID-19 patients.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>Spiritual Deep Breathing Exercise theory is effective in reducing anxiety and stabilizing the value of Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) in COVID-19 patients, and this technique is easy to do, so it can be applied as a nursing intervention in isolation rooms for the development of nursing science in hospitals.</em></p> Anies Muthoharoh Rahayu Anggraini Wesiana Heris Santy ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-01-03 2022-01-03 166 176 10.37341/interest.v0i0.346 The Effect Of Psychoeducation Based On Self Care Theory On Knowledge, Compliance, Independent Care And Blood Glucose Levels In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/349 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The style of modern society in dietary habits such as eating foods that are high in fat, sugar and frequent attendance at receptions or parties, tends to consume excessive food which can lead to an increase in blood sugar levels. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of psychoeducation based on self-care theory on knowledge, compliance, independent care and blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods: </em></strong><em>This type of research uses a researched method that is an exploratory approach. In the first stage the type of descriptive qualitative research with a case study approach and in the second stage using a Quasy-Experimental research design with a pre posttest approach. Samples were taken using the simple random sampling method of 6 participants in stage I and stage II totaling 64 respondents consisting of 32 intervention groups and 32 control groups. The independent variable is psychoeducation based on self-care theory. Variables between knowledge, compliance, independent care. The dependent variable of blood glucose levels. The instrument uses interviews, </em><em>knowledge, compliance</em><em> questionnaires, glucometers and modules. The analysis used the MANOVA test with a significant value of = 0.05.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong><em>Research in the first stage obtained 4 themes, namely knowledge, self-motivation, social motivation, behavioral skills. The results of the second stage of the study showed that there was an effect of psychoeducation based on self-care theory on knowledge (p=0.000), compliance (p=0.000), self-care independence (p=0.000), and blood glucose levels (p=0.000).</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>This intervention can be given to improve the quality of patient's health.</em></p> Arief Candra Permana Eppy Setiyowati Chilyatiz Zahroh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-01-03 2022-01-03 177 187 10.37341/interest.v0i0.349 Level Of Anxiety Among College Students During COVID-19 Pandemic http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/364 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The Coronavirus outbreak which has become a pandemic for more than a year could potentially cause health problems, including mental health. Mental health problems can occur to any group of people including the students because of the policy of learning from home using online learning technology. Mental health disorders or problems that may occur during the COVID-19 pandemic are high levels of anxiety.&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong><em> It was quantitative with a cross-sectional design study. The sample was 344 respondents that were collected through purposive sampling. It was available from 1 to 12 August 2021 using Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-42) Questionnaire via a google form. The data was analyze through frequency for univariate analysis and chi-square for bivariate analysis using statistical software </em></p> <p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong><em> Based on the level of anxiety, the normal level was 13.1%; mild level was 8.7%; moderate level was 21.8%; severe level was 23.8%; extremely severe was 32.6%. The majority of respondents showed an extremely severe level of anxiety with a percentage. According to bivariate analysis, gender variable has a significant correlation to anxiety level while others have not. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em> It is recommended for the college to provide and develop student counseling centers in order to support the psychological condition of students.</em></p> Ranti Ekasari Lilis Widiastuty Dian Rezki Wijaya Zilfadhillah Arranury Tri Addya Karini Ahmad Ahmad ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 188 197 10.37341/interest.v0i0.364 Caring-Based Supportive Educative Enhance Prevention Ability Of Diabetic Ulcers In Patients With Type II Diabetes http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/365 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>: Patients with diabetes mellitus are at risk for complications of diabetic foot ulcers. This complication can avoid if people with diabetes mellitus have the proper knowledge of self-care management. This study aimed to determine the effect of self-care management education on preventing foot ulcers in patients with type II diabetes mellitus.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;The design of this study is quasi-experiment. The number of samples was 86 with a simple randomized sample divided into two groups, 43 in the treatment group caring base supportive educative activities, and 43 in the control group distributing leaflets on diabetes. Results from studies were analyzed using the paired t-test and the independent t- test.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;These study results are based on independent t-test scores of self-care management in the treatment and control groups after the intervention, namely p = 0.002. The difference in the delta score of self-care management scores in the treatment and control groups after the intervention was p=0.000.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;The results showed that self-care management education interventions effectively increased the ability of self-care patients with type II diabetes mellitus to prevent complications of diabetic ulcers.&nbsp;This intervention can be a promotive effort to increase self-care independence in patients with type II diabetes mellitus to avoid complications of diabetic wounds.</em> </p> Elyk Dwi Mumpuningtias Emdat Suprayitno Cory Nelia Damayanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 198 206 10.37341/interest.v0i0.365 Study Of Anthropometry, Sedentary Lifestyle, And Neck Disability Of Physiotherapy Students In Bali http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/350 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> The COVID-19 pandemic situation has caused a crisis that affects all aspects of human life, including education. Students conduct online learning in front of laptops for a long enough duration. There is the potential for changes in anthropometric measurements (body size) during the pandemic and the possibility of a decrease in neck function. This study was conducted to determine the anthropometric description, level of sedentary lifestyle, and neck functional ability of physiotherapy students at the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University during the Covid-19 pandemic.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong><em> This study is an analytic observational study with cross-sectional method. The study was conducted from July to August 2021 and data collection was carried out online. The research subjects were 156 people consisting of physiotherapy students from Udayana University who were listed on the list of active Physiotherapy students at Udayana University who had filled out the research questionnaire that had been provided.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong><em> In male respondents, it was found that 78.4% (n=29) had a normal waist circumference (≤90cm) while for female respondents 80.7% (n=96) had a normal waist circumference (≤80cm). The results of the body mass index found that 48.1% (n=75) were classified as normal. A total of 58.3% (n=91) of respondents had non-sedentary behavior. In the assessment of the level of neck disability, respondents in the category of no disability were 57.7% (n=90). </em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong><em> Based on the results and discussion, it can be concluded that waist circumference for both men and women is dominated by the normal category, sedentary behavior by the non-sedentary category, and neck functional ability by the non-disabled category.</em></p> Made Hendra Satria Nugraha Anak Ayu Nyoman Trisna Narta Dewi Anak Agung Gede Angga Puspa Negara Ni Wayan Bintang Mida Suputri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 207 214 10.37341/interest.v0i0.350 Characterization And Acute Toxicity Test Of Black Garlic Ethanol Exctract Based On OECD http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/379 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong><em> Garlic (Allium sativum, L) was used empirically by the ancestors as a useful plant for hypercholesterolemia. The processed garlic product, namely black garlic, has gone through an optimal heating process at a temperature of 70<sup>o</sup>C for 21 days.</em> <em>Black garlic can become a standardized herb if it has been through characterization and toxicity tests.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods: </em></strong><em>The characterization test is known by measuring several general standard parameters of Indonesian extracts. Acute toxicity test was carried out by dividing 5 treatment groups namely negative control, group I (5 mg/kg BW), group II (50 mg/kg BW), group III (300 mg/kg BW), group IV (2000 mg/kg BW).</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong><em>The results showed that the standardization of black garlic extract has a drying shrinkage content of 7.24%, a water content of 8.8%, a total ash content of 4.79%, an acid insoluble ash content of 1.52%, a water soluble extract content of 7.47% and an ethanol soluble extract content of 9.3% which is still into the Indonesian herbal pharmacopoeia standard and the administration of black garlic ethanol extract caused mild toxic symptoms during the acute toxicity test and obtained LD<sub>50</sub> values &gt; 2000 mg/kg BW.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion:</em></strong> <em>Characterization of black garlic extract according to standardization parameters of Indonesian plant extracts and administration of ethanolic extract of black garlic has an LD<sub>50</sub> value &gt; 2000 mg/kg BW which is included in category 5 in the OECD.</em></p> Ellen Stephanie Rumaseuw Yoppi Iskandar Eli Halimah Ade Zuhrotun ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-01-06 2022-01-06 215 224 10.37341/interest.v0i0.379 Formulation Of Instant Moringa Oleifera Combination Dates (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) As Galactogogues http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/384 <p><strong><em>Background: </em></strong><em>Moringa oleivera is a local plant species that has the potential to be developed for nursing mothers. The content of phytosterol compounds contained in Moringa leaves has a function to increase and facilitate the production of breast milk.&nbsp; Instant Moringa powder preparation is one of the processed Moringa powder leaves in the form of powder for drinks that can be used by nursing mothers. Dates contain sterols needed to produce hormones for breastfeeding mothers, such as estrogen, progesterone, and prolactin. This hormone has a very important role in increasing milk production.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Method</em></strong><strong><em>s</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong> <em>E</em><em>xtraction of Moringa leaf powder (15%) and dates (25%) by infundation method with aquadest solvent. Moringa powder extract and date extract were further crystallized with sucrose (60%). </em></p> <p><strong><em>Result</em></strong><strong><em>s</em></strong><strong><em>:</em></strong> <em>T</em><em>he results of the formulation of 30 grams of moringa plus 50 grams of crystallization with 120 grams of sugar obtained as much as 115 grams of moringa powder. The color of the preparation is brownish yellow, the smell is typical of Moringa with a slightly bitter sweet taste, pH is 5.61%, water content is 5.41% and fat content is 1.75%.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclution:</em></strong><em> There is a shrinkage during the formulation processing process of 57% of the net weight of the material.</em></p> Aris Prastyoningsih Joko Santoso Erinda Nur Pratiwi Dheny Rohmatika Ajeng Maharani Dewi Andang Prastika ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-01-06 2022-01-06 225 230 10.37341/interest.v0i0.384 Determinant Factors Involved In Pregnant Women's Willingness To Receive Covid-19 Vaccine http://jurnalinterest.com/index.php/int/article/view/362 <p><strong><em>Background:</em></strong> <em>The COVID-19 vaccine still has a poor vaccination rate among pregnant women for a variety of reasons, one of which is a lack of knowledge about the vaccine's advantages as well as the potential side effects and risks that may result from the vaccine. The purpose of this research is to discover&nbsp;determinant&nbsp;factors that influence Covid-19 vaccination willingness.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods:</em></strong> <em>This is a descriptive analytic study with a chronological method. In this study, a total population of 255 pregnant women was sampled, using the first dose of COVID-19 vaccination administered to pregnant women&nbsp;at&nbsp;Kedungwuni II Health Center. This research relies on primary data and a questionnaire that has been assessed for validity and reliability. This study lasted six months, from July to December 2021. The analysis&nbsp;was a multivariate logistic regression analysis.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong><em>The factors related to the willingness of pregnant women to take part in the COVID-19 vaccination were age (p=0.026), gravida status (p=0.029), ANC frequency (p=0.002) and knowledge about covid 19 vaccination (p=0.001).</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion: </em></strong><em>It is critical for healthcare practitioners to provide information about the COVID -19 vaccination so that expectant mothers do not feel anxious about going to the vaccination sites.&nbsp; Pregnant women should also&nbsp;be informed about the possibility of post-vaccination complications.</em></p> Risqi Dewi Aisyah Fitriyani Fitriyani Dwi Bagus Pambudi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-01-06 2022-01-06 231 239 10.37341/interest.v0i0.362