Main Article Content
Background: Efforts to prevent the spread of COVID-19 require personal awareness, understanding, and a sense of responsibility toward the community. The fundamental purpose of this study was to determine the factors related to the social responsibility of the santris in preventing the spread of COVID-19 in the pesantren environment.
Methods: This descriptive correlative study used a cross-sectional approach with 384 respondents (santris), a total population of 8.413 santris in various Pesantren in Probolinggo, East Java. A self-administered questionnaire was used to conduct the online survey using a Google form and social networking apps. The validity test results of each questionnaire using Product Moment with 40 participants showed a value of more than 0.312 and Cronbach's alpha values of 0.722, 0.759, and 0.774 on each knowledge, attitude, and social responsibility questionnaire. Then descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were used to analyze the data.
Results: The findings show that the level of knowledge about Covid-19 of the santris is moderate (49.7%), attitudes are in a good category (52.3%), and social responsibility is in a good category (72.4%). Their knowledge, attitude, and residence were all significantly associated with santri's social responsibility behaviors (p 0.05).
Conclusion: Knowledge of COVID-19 transmission and attitude toward the state measures for COVID-19 prevention and control were significantly associated with participants’ social responsibility behaviors. Santris becomes more conscious of their own and the environment's needs and responsibility due to these results.