Pengaruh Pola Makan terhadap kadar hemoglobin Pada Anak Pra Sekolah

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PDF    Published May 28, 2020    DOI https://doi.org/10.37341/interest.v9i1.152      Abstract viewed: 57   PDF viewed: 39  
Rosalinna Rosalinna
Sugita Sugita

Abstract

Background: Pre school children need adequate nutrition for growth and development, as one of the most  vulnerable  groups is primarily anemia.  Nutritional  disorders of  anemia  can be caused by various  factors, one  of  which  is  a  diet  (amount, frequency and variety ) that does not meet the balance. Objective  to analyze  The  Effect of Diet on Hemoglobin Levels In Pre-School children. Methods: Cross-sectional  study was conducted on 28 chlidren. Sampling is done by Purposive Sampling  technique.  Data  collect  from  food Record and misson Hb. Data analyze used Pearson product moment correlation test and Multiple Regression Analysis.  Results: The results of this study obtained the average hemoglobin  level  of children is 10.18 (0.99). The  results  of  the  test  on  energy intake (ρ = 0.820), iron intake (ρ = 0.300), vitamin C intake (ρ = 0.300) which  states  no  significant relationship  with  hemoglobin  levels.  Protein  intake (ρ = 0,007), variation (ρ = 0,000), and  frequency (ρ = -0,035) have significant relationship with hemoglobin level. Multivariate analysis of dietary variations  significantly  influenced  hemoglobin  levels  in  pre-school  children (ρ = 0.000, r = 0.0636; R2 = 0.405).  Conclusions: That  daily  intake,  iron  intake  and vitamin C alone have no effect on hemoglobin, but it is necessary to increase protein intake, eating  frequency  setting  especially  variation in food menu.  Required  intervention  strategies to increase  intake,  selection of  foodstuffs,  processing,  presentation  to children  for iron  absorption  and control of anemia can be solved.

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