Spiritual Deep Breathing Exercise Is Effective In Reducing Anxiety And Stabilizing Oxygen Saturation In COVID-19 Patients

Main Article Content

PDF    Published Jan 3, 2022    DOI https://doi.org/10.37341/interest.v0i0.346      Abstract viewed: 341   PDF viewed: 176  
Anies Muthoharoh
Rahayu Anggraini
Wesiana Heris Santy

Abstract

Background: Problems that arise in COVID-19 patients include, often experiencing deep anxiety characterized by fear of pain, fear of death, fear of losing personal independence, fear of losing role functions that can cause physiological changes, namely a decrease in Oxygen Saturation (SaO2).


Methods: The design of this study was a quasi-experimental approach with a Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design approach. The population of all COVID-19 patients at the Surabaya A. Yani Islamic Hospital is 187 people. The sample size is 34 respondents according to the established criteria with purposive sampling technique. The intervention group was given Spiritual Deep Breathing Exercise for 15-20 minutes and the control group was given an intervention according to hospital standards for 1 week. Analysis on anxiety used the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and mann whitney test. The Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) used paired sample T test and independent sample T test.


Results: The results of the Anxiety analysis in the intervention group obtained a p value of 0.000 and a p value of 0.197 in the control group. The results of the Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) analysis in the intervention group obtained a p value of 0.000 and in the control group a p value of 0.884. The results of the analysis on anxiety p value 0.000 and Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) value p value 0.003 between the intervention group and the control group which means there is a difference in anxiety and Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) between the intervention group and the control group. control group in COVID-19 patients.


Conclusion: Spiritual Deep Breathing Exercise theory is effective in reducing anxiety and stabilizing the value of Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) in COVID-19 patients, and this technique is easy to do, so it can be applied as a nursing intervention in isolation rooms for the development of nursing science in hospitals.

Article Details

How to Cite
Muthoharoh, A., Anggraini, R., & Santy, W. (2022). Spiritual Deep Breathing Exercise Is Effective In Reducing Anxiety And Stabilizing Oxygen Saturation In COVID-19 Patients. Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 166-176. https://doi.org/10.37341/interest.v0i0.346
Section
Articles

References

Astriani, N. M. D. Y., Dewi, P. I. S., & Yanti, K. H. (2020). Relaksasi Pernafasan Dengan Teknik Ballon Blowing Terhadap Peningkatan Saturasi Oksigen Pada Pasien PPOK. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 3, 426–435.

Destanta, D. S., Setiawati, E., Isma, R., & Putri, A. (2019). Pengaruh Latihan Deep Breathing Terhadap Saturasi Oksigen Pada Perokok Aktif. Diponegoro Medical Journal (Jurnal Kedokteran Diponegoro), 8(1), 142–147.

Fu, W., Wang, C., Zou, L., Guo, Y., Lu, Z., Yan, S., & Mao, J. (2020). Psychological health, sleep quality, and coping styles to stress facing the COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. Translational Psychiatry, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-020-00913-3

Hardiyati, Widianti, E., & Hernawaty, T. (2020). Studi Literatur: Kecemasan Saat Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Kesehatan Manarang, 31–35.

Hi Ukum, M. (2021). Nurse Caring Behavior Analysis with Fall Risk Patient Safety in Surgical Care of Mokoyurli Hospital Buol District. Journal of Applied Nursing and Health, 3(1 SE-Articles), 28–33. https://janh.candle.or.id/index.php/janh/article/view/22

Jannah, A. R., Jatimi, A., Azizah, M. J., Munir, Z., & Rahman, H. F. (2020). Kecemasan Pasien COVID-19: A Systematic Review. Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan Suara Forikes, 11(2), 33–37.

Kemenkes. (2020). Perkembagan Kasus Covid-19 Kumulatif Di Indonesia.

Kurnia, E., & Suwardianto, H. (2011). Pengaruh Terapi Relaksasi Napas Dalam (Deep Breathing) Terhadap Perubahan Tekanan Darah Pada Penderita Hipertensi Di Puskesmas Kota Wilayah Selatan Kota Kediri. Jurnal Penelitian STIKES Kediri, 4(1), 38–50.

Kurniyati, & Bakara, D. M. (2018). The Effect Of Deep Breathing Relaxation In Decreasing The Pragnancy Women Anxiety Of Primigravidathird Trimester III. Jurnal Kesehatan Almuslim, III(6), 7–13.

Rababa, M., Hayajneh, A. A., & Bani-Iss, W. (2020). Association of Death Anxiety with Spiritual Well-Being and Religious Coping in Older Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Religion and Health, 60(1), 50–63. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-020-01129-x

Rusdiatin, I. E. (2021). Description of Public Anxiety Levels in Facing the Covid-19 Pandemic Situation. Jurnal Kampus STIKes YPIB Majalengka, 9(1), 1–6.

Setiawan, L., & Suwardianto, H. (2021). Community Stigma Against COVID-19 Patients . Journal of Applied Nursing and Health, 3(2 SE-Articles), 33–41. https://janh.candle.or.id/index.php/janh/article/view/7

Smeltzer, S. C., & Bare, B. G. (2014). Keperawatan Medikal Bedah Brunner and Suddarth’s. EGC.

Stuart, G. W. (2014). Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing (Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing (Stuart)). Mosby, Inc, an Affiliate of Elseiver, Inc.

Sunartono, S. (2021). Multimedia Quality About Risk Dating As A Youth Health Promotion Media . Journal of Applied Nursing and Health, 3(2 SE-Articles), 1–6. https://janh.candle.or.id/index.php/janh/article/view/4

Supriani, A., Siswantoro, E., Mardiana, H. R., Rosyidah, N. N., & Abshor, M. U. (2017). Pengaruh Bimbingan Relaksasi Spiritual Terhadap Kecemasan Pada Pasien Pre Operasi Di Ruang Sunan Drajat Rsi Sakinah Kabupaten Mojokerto. Nurse and Health: Jurnal Keperawatan, 6(2), 30–39. https://doi.org/10.36720/nhjk.v6i2.21

Susilo, A., Rumende, C. M., Pitoyo, C. W., Santoso, W. D., Yulianti, M., Herikurniawan, H., Sinto, R., Singh, G., Nainggolan, L., Nelwan, E. J., Chen, L. K., Widhani, A., Wijaya, E., Wicaksana, B., Maksum, M., Annisa, F., Jasirwan, C. O. M., & Yunihastuti, E. (2020). Coronavirus Disease 2019: Tinjauan Literatur Terkini. Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia, 7(1), 45. https://doi.org/10.7454/jpdi.v7i1.415

Suwardianto, H., Prasetyo, A., & Utami, R. S. (2018). Effects of physical-cognitive therapy (PCT) on criticaly ill patients in intensive care unit. Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences, 67.

Suwardianto, Heru. (2013). Deep breathing relaxation as therapy to decrease blood preassure on hypertension patients. In Proceedings Faculty Of Nursing Of Airlangga The Fourd Internasional Nursing Conference Improving Quality Of Nursing Care Though Nursing Research and Innovations, 1(1), 1–12.
Suwardianto, Heru. (2018). Manajemen Pencegahan Kerusakan Fungsi Fisik, Fungsi Kognitif, dan Kecemasan pada Pasien Kritis. Lembaga Chakra Brahmana Lentera.

Suwardianto, Heru, & Richard, S. D. (2017). Asuhan Keperawatan Kegawatdaruratan dan Penatalaksanaan Tindakan Kegawatdaruratan. CV Adjie Media Nusantara.

Syaifulloh, M., Susanto, M. A., Fasitasari, M., Aziz, M., Pudjowati, S., Yasin, M. F., & Setianto, R. (2020). Efektivitas Terapi Metode Wim Hoff Terhadap Respirasi, Denyut Jantung, Dan SpO2 Pada Pasien Covid – 19 Di Rumah Sakit Islam Sultan Agung Semarang. Medica Hospitalia : Journal of Clinical Medicine, 7(1A), 171–175. https://doi.org/10.36408/mhjcm.v7i1a.482

Wang, X., Zhang, X., & He, J. (2020). Challenges to the system of reserve medical supplies for public health emergencies: Reflections on the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) epidemic in China. BioScience Trends, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.5582/BST.2020.01043

Wulandari, P., & Hidayat, R. (2020). General anxiety disorder-related coronavirus disease-19 outbreak in Indonesia: A case report. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 8(T1), 36–38. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2020.4762

Yulia, A., Dahrizal, D., & Lestari, W. (2019). Pengaruh Nafas Dalam dan Posisi Terhadap Saturasi Oksigen dan Frekuensi Nafas Pada Pasien Asma. Jurnal Keperawatan Raflesia, 1(1), 67–75. https://doi.org/10.33088/jkr.v1i1.398

Yuliana, F. (2018). Pengaruh Kombinasi Terapi Musik Dengan Deep Breathing Ecerxise Terhadap Kecemasan Dan Parameter Fisiologis Pada Klien Dengan Ventilasi Mekanik. Universitas Airlangga.

Yusuf, A., Iswari, M. F., Sriyono, S., & Yunitasari, E. (2020). The effect of combination of spiritual deep breathing exercise therapy on pain and anxiety in postoperative nonpatological orthopedic fracture patients. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences, 14(1), 1625–1631.

Yusuf, A., Nihayati, H. E., Iswari, M. F., & Okviasanti, F. (2016). Kebutuhan Spiritual Konsep Dan Aplikasi Dalam Asuhan Keperawatan. Mitra Wacana Media.

Zakiyatul Fuadah, D., Siswoaribowo, A., & Diniaty, E. (2021). Sedentary Lifestyle With Social Interaction In Adolescent. Journal of Applied Nursing and Health, 3(2 SE-Articles), 48–52. https://janh.candle.or.id/index.php/janh/article/view/9