Determinant Factors Involved In Pregnant Women's Willingness To Receive Covid-19 Vaccine

Main Article Content

Risqi Dewi Aisyah
Fitriyani Fitriyani
Dwi Bagus Pambudi


Background: The COVID-19 vaccine still has a poor vaccination rate among pregnant women for a variety of reasons, one of which is a lack of knowledge about the vaccine's advantages as well as the potential side effects and risks that may result from the vaccine. The purpose of this research is to discover determinant factors that influence Covid-19 vaccination willingness.

Methods: This is a descriptive analytic study with a chronological method. In this study, a total population of 255 pregnant women was sampled, using the first dose of COVID-19 vaccination administered to pregnant women at Kedungwuni II Health Center. This research relies on primary data and a questionnaire that has been assessed for validity and reliability. This study lasted six months, from July to December 2021. The analysis was a multivariate logistic regression analysis.

Results: The factors related to the willingness of pregnant women to take part in the COVID-19 vaccination were age (p=0.026), gravida status (p=0.029), ANC frequency (p=0.002) and knowledge about covid 19 vaccination (p=0.001).

Conclusion: It is critical for healthcare practitioners to provide information about the COVID -19 vaccination so that expectant mothers do not feel anxious about going to the vaccination sites.  Pregnant women should also be informed about the possibility of post-vaccination complications.

Article Details

How to Cite
Aisyah, R. D., Fitriyani, F., & Pambudi, D. B. (2022). Determinant Factors Involved In Pregnant Women’s Willingness To Receive Covid-19 Vaccine. Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 231–239.


ACOG. (2021). COVID-19 Vaccines and Pregnancy : Conversation Guide for Clinicians. ACOG Web, April, 1–2.

Aisyah, R. D., Suparni, S., & Fitriyani, F. (2018). Edukasi Dalam Paket Caring Terhadap Pengetahuan Tentang Kecemasan Pada Ibu Hamil Education in Caring Package on Knowledge About Anxiety of Pregnant Women. Univercity Research Colloqulum, 346–349.

Astuti, N. P., Nugroho, E. G. Z., Lattu, J. C., Potempu, I. R., & Swandana, D. A. (2021). Persepsi Masyarakat terhadap Penerimaan Vaksinasi Covid-19: Literature Review. Jurnal Keperawatan, 13(3), 569–580.

Ayele, A. D., Mihretie, G. N., Belay, H. G., Teffera, A. G., Kassa, B. G., & Amsalu, B. T. (2021). Knowledge and practice to prevent COVID-19 and its associated factors among pregnant women in Debre Tabor Town Northwest Ethiopia, a community-based cross-sectional study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 21(1), 1–12.

Besho, M., Tsegaye, R., Yilma, M. T., Kasaye, H. K., Tolossa, T., Hiko, N., Markos, J., Mulisa, D., Hasen, T., & Wakuma, B. (2021). Knowledge, attitude and practice toward corona virus infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care at public hospitals in three wollega zones, ethiopia. International Journal of General Medicine, 14, 3563–3573.

Chavan, M., Qureshi, H., Karnati, S., & Kollikonda, S. (2021). COVID-19 Vaccination in Pregnancy: The Benefits Outweigh the Risks. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 43(7), 814–816.

Dewi, R., Widowati, R., & Indrayani, T. (2020). Pengetahuan dan Sikap Ibu Hamil Trimester III terhadap Pencegahan Covid-19. Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian, 12(2), 131–141.

Fauziah, Q., Wiratmo, P. A., & Sutandi, A. (2019). Hubungan Status Gravida Terhadap Tingkat Keparahan mual dan myntah pada ibu hamil. Binawan Student Journal (BSJ), 1, 160–166.

Gray, K. J., Bordt, E. A., Atyeo, C., Deriso, E., Akinwunmi, B., Young, N., Baez, A. M., Shook, L. L., Cvrk, D., James, K., De Guzman, R., Brigida, S., Diouf, K., Goldfarb, I., Bebell, L. M., Yonker, L. M., Fasano, A., Rabi, S. A., Elovitz, M. A., … Edlow, A. G. (2021). Coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine response in pregnant and lactating women: a cohort study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 225(3), 303.e1-303.e17.

Ichsan, D. S., Hafid, F., Ramadhan, K., & Taqwin, T. (2021). Determinan Kesediaan Masyarakat menerima Vaksinasi Covid-19 di Sulawesi Tengah. Poltekita : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 15(1), 1–11.

Kachikis, A., Englund, J. A., Singleton, M., Covelli, I., Drake, A. L., & Eckert, L. O. (2021). Short-term Reactions among Pregnant and Lactating Individuals in the First Wave of the COVID-19 Vaccine Rollout. JAMA Network Open, 4(8), 7–11.

Kesehatan, K. (2021). Surat_Edaran_Tentang_Vaksinasi_COVID-19_Bagi_Ibu_Hamil_dan_Penyesuaian_Skrinning_dalam_Pelaksanaan_Vaksinasi_COVID-19.pdf. 4247608(021), 6.

Khoramabadi, M., Dolatian, M., Hajian, S., Zamanian, M., Taheripanah, R., Sheikhan, Z., Mahmoodi, Z., & Seyedi-Moghadam, A. (2015). Effects of Education Based on Health Belief Model on Dietary Behaviors of Iranian Pregnant Women. Global Journal of Health Science, 8(2), 230–239.

Krammer, F. (2020). SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in development. Nature, 586(7830), 516–527.

Male, V. (2021). Are COVID-19 vaccines safe in pregnancy? Nature Reviews Immunology, 21(4), 200–201.

Mallah, S. I., Ghorab, O. K., Al-Salmi, S., Abdellatif, O. S., Tharmaratnam, T., Iskandar, M. A., Sefen, J. A. N., Sidhu, P., Atallah, B., El-Lababidi, R., & Al-Qahtani, M. (2021). COVID-19: breaking down a global health crisis. Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials, 20(1), 1–36.

Ong, E., Wong, M. U., Huffman, A., & He, Y. (2020). COVID-19 Coronavirus Vaccine Design Using Reverse Vaccinology and Machine Learning. Frontiers in Immunology, 11, 1581.

POGI. (2020a). Rekomendasi POGI Tentang Covid-19.

POGI. (2020b). Revisi-Rekomendasi-POGI-utk-Bumil-dengan-Covid-19-.pdf.

Septiasari, R. M., & Viandika, N. (2021). The correlation between covid-19 knowledge and anxiety of pregnant women during covid-19 pandemic. JI-KES: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 4(2), 71–74.

Shimabukuro, T. T., Kim, S. Y., Myers, T. R., Moro, P. L., Oduyebo, T., Panagiotakopoulos, L., Marquez, P. L., Olson, C. K., Liu, R., Chang, K. T., Ellington, S. R., Burkel, V. K., Smoots, A. N., Green, C. J., Licata, C., Zhang, B. C., Alimchandani, M., Mba-Jonas, A., Martin, S. W., … Meaney-Delman, D. M. (2021). Preliminary Findings of mRNA Covid-19 Vaccine Safety in Pregnant Persons. New England Journal of Medicine, 384(24), 2273–2282.

Stubblefield, W. B., Talbot, H. K., Feldstein, L. R., Tenforde, M. W., Ur Rasheed, M. A., Mills, L., Lester, S. N., Freeman, B., Thornburg, N. J., Jones, I. D., Ward, M. J., Lindsell, C. J., Baughman, A., Halasa, N., Grijalva, C. G., Rice, T. W., Patel, M. M., & Self, W. H. (2021). Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Among Frontline Healthcare Personnel During the First Month of Caring for Patients With COVID-19-Nashville, Tennessee. Clinical Infectious Diseases : An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 72(9), 1645–1648.

Sutton, D., Fuchs, K., D’Alton, M., & Goffman, D. (2020). Universal Screening for SARS-CoV-2 in Women Admitted for Delivery. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(22), 2163–2164.

Taubman–Ben-Ari, O., Chasson, M., Abu Sharkia, S., & Weiss, E. (2020). Distress and anxiety associated with COVID-19 among Jewish and Arab pregnant women in Israel. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 38(3), 340–348.

Vaksinasi, S. (2021). Rekomendasi POGI.

Walach, H., Klement, R. J., & Aukema, W. (2021). The safety of covid-19 vaccinations—we should rethink the policy. Vaccines, 9(7), 1–8.

Wang, E. W., Parchem, J. G., Atmar, R. L., & Clark, E. H. (2021). SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination During Pregnancy: A Complex Decision. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 8(5), 1–6.

Zambrano, L. D., Ellington, S., Strid, P., Galang, R. R., Oduyebo, T., Tong, V. T., Woodworth, K. R., Nahabedian, J. F., Azziz-Baumgartner, E., Gilboa, S. M., Meaney-Delman, D., Akosa, A., Bennett, C., Burkel, V., Chang, D., Delaney, A., Fox, C., Griffin, I., Hsia, J., … Zapata, L. (2020). Update: Characteristics of Symptomatic Women of Reproductive Age with Laboratory-Confirmed SARS-CoV-2 Infection by Pregnancy Status — United States, January 22–October 3, 2020. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(44), 1641–1647.